Common Cell Diseases
Common Cell Diseases: The cell is the smallest component of all living organisms. Cells contain genes, proteins, but also other chemicals into the cellular membrane. Each cell has its own cycle of life and responds to different stimulus. Cellular disorders are formed when cell dysfunction is experienced, no matter if this supposes producing more or less cells. Some cellular diseases are fatal, meaning that they can evolve to stages in which there is nothing that can be done to cure them.
Cancer is one of the most common types of cellular diseases traced in an impressive number of patients every year. This is among the most common diseases in the United States, affecting more than 1.5 million Americans yearly. About 500,000 people die due to cancer related diseases each year.
Cancer, regardless of its type, occurs when normal cells start developing abnormally. Cells can develop genetic mutations that cause abnormal cell proliferation. This way tumors are formed. Changes in cellular behavior allow cells to divide uncontrollably. These cells are not normal cells and so they need to be replaced. When cancer is formed, the body fails to recognize and replace unhealthy cells. Cancer needs to be treated as soon as possible, as otherwise it may actually lead to the death of the patient.
2. Sickle-cell disease
Cancer is not the only common cell disease. Sickle-cell disease is also determined by abnormal cell development. This is a blood disorder mostly characterized by defects in erythrocytes or red blood cells, which contain a molecular complex called hemoglobin. When sickle-cell disease is formed, the hemoglobin contained in blood cells is mutated. This means that cells are not able to carry oxygen effectively. During a normal process, oxygen is carried to tissues from all over the body.
Patients who have been diagnosed with sickle-cell disease will most likely have symptoms such as anemia, insufficient oxygenation of tissues, as well as shortness of breath and pain. Treatment for sickle-cell disease is very complex. It may require blood transfusions.
3. Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease also is a common cellular disease. This condition affects the nerve cells in the brain. Neurons are nerve cells that determine a complex network of communication with other nerve cells. They transmit signals to the body, which actually are vital.
Patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease have their cellular structure affected. As this structure begins to collapse, it creates neurofibrillary neurons. In time, they cause neuron cell death and consequently dementia and memory loss. Defects in motor function and personality or behavioral changes can also be felt by patients.
Alzheimer’s disease unfortunately is an incurable condition. Cancer can be overcome only when traced in its first stages of evolution, in fact, until now specialists not being able to discover a treatment that can cure this disease. Cellular conditions are hard to overcome and unfortunately there is not much people can do to avoid their development.
Common Cell Diseases