Are all animal cells alike?

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Are all animal cells alike?

Are all animal cells alike?  The answer to the question; are animal cells all the same, is pretty much yes with a few exceptions. The animal cells all have the same basic structural components that aid the functions of the body such as muscle growth or fat metabolism. Animal cells are all incased in their protective layers called the plasma cell membrane. This membrane allows certain nutrients, water and other minerals to enter the cell as fuel sources of for cellular process. Just as particles enter through the cell membrane they can also be extruded in the same way. Waste material such as carbon dioxide or excess water is released back into the bloodstream to be disposed of or used in other metabolic procedures elsewhere. Inside the plasma cell membrane is a fluid called cytoplasm which acts as a conductor for the transfer of needed nutrients and other organic compounds. Floating in the cytoplasm are a number of organelles, each having different roles to play in the animal cells life cycle.

The first and most obvious of organelles is the cell nucleus which is the cells hypothetical brain. The nucleus holds the key to unlocking protein synthesis which is the building of other cells such as the muscle cell. The nucleus houses our DNA which can release the equation so to speak for the commencement of the protein synthesis. Ribosome is another important organelle that also plays a major role in protein synthesis. After DNA is transformed into mRNA in the cell nucleus the mRNA travels through the cytoplasm to the ribosome where synthesis of new muscle cells commences. The mitochondria are where lipolysis takes place, or what is commonly called the breakdown of fatty tissue, for the use of fuel for the body. Fat is a major source of fuel for the body that is only released in the presence of carbohydrates. This burning of fat in the mitochondria occurs during long and lower intensity physical activities. The animal cells that we as humans have are very similar to those of the other members of the animal kingdom. They help us to grow and are used as a mechanism for energy release.

Are all animal cells alike?